Tragedy of Errors: East Pakistan Crisis, 1968-1971 by Kamal Matinuddin
Tragedy of Errors: East Pakistan Crisis, 1968-1971 is a book by Kamal Matinuddin, a retired Pakistani general and diplomat, who served as the director of military intelligence during the 1971 war. The book is a comprehensive and candid account of the events that led to the breakup of Pakistan and the creation of Bangladesh. The book covers the political, economic, social and military aspects of the crisis, and analyzes the causes and consequences of the tragedy. The book also provides an insider's perspective on the role of various actors, such as the Pakistani leadership, the Awami League, the Indian government, the Soviet Union, the United States and China.
The book is based on extensive research and interviews with key participants and witnesses of the crisis. The book also draws on official documents, reports, memoirs and other sources. The book is divided into 22 chapters, covering the background of the crisis, the rise of Bengali nationalism, the 1970 elections, the constitutional deadlock, the military crackdown, the civil war, the Indian intervention, the surrender of Pakistani forces, and the aftermath of the war. The book also includes maps, tables, appendices and a bibliography.
The book is considered one of the most authoritative and objective accounts of the East Pakistan crisis. The book has been praised for its depth, clarity and balance. The book has also been criticized for some factual errors and omissions. The book is a valuable source of information and insight for anyone interested in the history of Pakistan and Bangladesh.The book is not only a historical account, but also a critical evaluation of the mistakes and failures that led to the tragedy of errors. The book identifies several factors that contributed to the crisis, such as the lack of democracy, the economic disparity, the cultural alienation, the political manipulation, the military miscalculation, the diplomatic isolation and the international intervention. The book also examines the impact of the crisis on the future of Pakistan and Bangladesh, and the lessons that can be learned from it.
The book is a must-read for anyone who wants to understand the complex and tragic history of Pakistan and Bangladesh. The book is also a reminder of the importance of national unity, political dialogue, constitutional consensus and peaceful coexistence. The book is a tribute to the millions of people who suffered and sacrificed in the struggle for freedom and justice.The book also provides some interesting anecdotes and insights into the personalities and motivations of the key players in the crisis. The book reveals the strengths and weaknesses of the Pakistani and Bengali leaders, such as Yahya Khan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Ziaur Rahman. The book also sheds light on the role of the military and intelligence agencies, such as the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) and the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). The book also exposes the intrigues and conspiracies of the foreign powers, such as the United States, China, the Soviet Union and India.
The book is not only a historical narrative, but also a moral reflection on the human cost of war and violence. The book depicts the horrors and atrocities that were committed by both sides during the crisis, such as the genocide, rape, torture and displacement of millions of people. The book also honors the courage and resilience of the people who resisted oppression and fought for their rights. The book also expresses the hope and aspiration of the people who wanted to build a new and better nation. 061ffe29dd